In January of 1919, while Europe was re-organizing itself to rebuild over the ashes of the Great War (1914-1918), The United-States, France, Great Britain and Italy gathered in Paris to discuss the aftermath and the fate of the defeated nations. This historic event is remembered as the “Paris Peace Conference” and came just before the “Treaty of Versailles” (June 1919). As a result of the Paris Peace Conference, La Société des Nations or “League of Nations”was born. The Great War of 1914-1918 was also nicknamed the “War to end all wars” and the League of Nations (LON) had diplomatic and peace-keeping aspirations. These somewhat Utopian dreams were quickly thwarted by the LON’s inability to enforce sanctions, having no armed forces of their own. When Hitler decided to pull Germany out of the league after coming to power in 1933, it became painfully obvious that the hopeful conglomerate of 58 countries was pretty much powerless in directing and policing world affairs. While originally but partially successful in some areas, the LON was incapable of preventing World War II and on April 20th 1946, it was officially dissolved.
Around the same time that the LON ceased to exist, another world body was born to replace it, pick-up where they left off and establish a more permanent and peaceful global community. It was in London, in January 1946 that the first meeting of that new body took place when the General Assembly of the United Nations convened. They started with 51 nations in 1946 and are now including 193 nations in 2013.
Of the six main agencies falling under the United Nations (UN) umbrella, the Security Council (UNSC) is the one that deals with resolutions and possible sanctions regarding international security and/or peace. An unbiased approach to world conflicts and political issues is expected from such an agency. According to the UN Security Council’s Charter, it has four purposes:
- to maintain international peace and security;
- to develop friendly relations among nations;
- to cooperate in solving international problems and in promoting respect for human rights;
- and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.
- To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace;
“I don’t think there is discrimination against Israel at the United Nations. The Israeli government maybe raised this issue that there’s some bias against Israel, but Israel is one of the 193 member states. Thus, Israel should have equal rights and opportunities without having any bias, any discrimination. That’s a fundamental principle of the United Nations charter. And thus, Israel should be fully given such rights.”